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Artykuły medyczne

Tytuł: Body fat and quality of life in women treated for breast cancer

Urszula Czerniak, Anna Demuth, Magdalena Krzykała, Ewa Ziółkowska-Łajp
Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
Strona początkowa:
Strona końcowa:
Słowa kluczowe:
mastectomy, life quality, obesity

Introduction. Subjective quality of life is a total of perceived fulfillment and satisfaction with various aspects of life in reference to a person's individual system of values. Subjectively perceived level of satisfaction with life may determine one's attitude towards further existence and, as a consequence, cause undertaking or not undertaking health-oriented activities. Aim of Study. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent of obesity in post-mastectomy women and the impact of obesity on their quality of life. Material and Methods. The research material consisted of results of anthropometric measurements, including body composition using bioelectric impedance analysis (Akern - BIA 101) as well as results of a quality of life questionnaire survey [1] conducted among 69 women after mastectomy from all over Poland. The age of examined women ranged from 38 to 68 years, with more than half of subjects aged between 50 and 65 years. Results. The division of examined women into those with better and worse perception of their quality of life enabled an assessment of the influence of obesity on their personal and social life. Fat tissue content using BIA in women with better perception of quality of life was shown to be lower as compared with their counterparts with worse perception of their quality of life. A large percentage of obese women was noted in both groups. Conclusions. Most post-mastectomy women who had a sense of better quality of life at the end of the treatment were likely to have lower fat tissue than women with a low level of subjective quality of life. Obesity can be one of factors influencing the level of quality of life perception, whereas muscle mass and extracellular water levels do not have a negative effect on perceived quality of life in women after mastectomy.