Tytuł: Body fat and quality of life in women treated for breast cancer
- Urszula Czerniak, Anna Demuth, Magdalena Krzykała, Ewa Ziółkowska-Łajp
- Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
- Strona początkowa:
- Strona końcowa:
- Słowa kluczowe:
- mastectomy, life quality, obesity
Introduction. Subjective quality of life is a total of perceived fulfillment and satisfaction with various
aspects of life in reference to a person's individual system of values. Subjectively perceived level of
satisfaction with life may determine one's attitude towards further existence and, as a consequence,
cause undertaking or not undertaking health-oriented activities.
Aim of Study. The aim of this study was to estimate the extent of obesity in post-mastectomy
women and the impact of obesity on their quality of life.
Material and Methods. The research material consisted of results of anthropometric measurements,
including body composition using bioelectric impedance analysis (Akern - BIA 101) as well as results
of a quality of life questionnaire survey  conducted among 69 women after mastectomy from all
over Poland. The age of examined women ranged from 38 to 68 years, with more than half of subjects
aged between 50 and 65 years.
Results. The division of examined women into those with better and worse perception of their quality
of life enabled an assessment of the influence of obesity on their personal and social life. Fat tissue
content using BIA in women with better perception of quality of life was shown to be lower as compared
with their counterparts with worse perception of their quality of life. A large percentage of
obese women was noted in both groups.
Conclusions. Most post-mastectomy women who had a sense of better quality of life at the end of
the treatment were likely to have lower fat tissue than women with a low level of subjective quality of
life. Obesity can be one of factors influencing the level of quality of life perception, whereas muscle
mass and extracellular water levels do not have a negative effect on perceived quality of life in
women after mastectomy.