Tytuł: Subjective assessment of body image by middle-aged men and women
- Anna Demuth, Urszula Czerniak, Magdalena Krzykała, Ewa Ziółkowska-Łajp
- Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
- Strona początkowa:
- Strona końcowa:
- Słowa kluczowe:
- body image, middle age.
Aim of Study. The aim of the study was to compare the subjective body image of middle-aged men
and women with regard to their morphological traits and physical activity.
Material and Methods. The sample consisted of 71 women and 95 men, between 40 and 60 years of
age, with a higher education. Each subject had their body height, body mass and waist circumference
measured. The subjects were divided into two groups with regard to medium values of their morphological
parameters. Color-A-Person Body Dissatisfaction Test (CAPT) by O.W. Wooley was used to measure
body perception. Also, on the basis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire results
the subjects were divided into two groups: one consisting of physically active men (n = 59) and
women (n = 35), and the other of physically passive men (n = 36) and women (n = 36).
Results. 1) CAPT results revealed significant differences in the overall estimation of participants' own
bodies, while women estimated their own bodies more critically than men. 2) Women with higher
body mass and longer waist circumferences had a higher level of negative body perception, but no
similar significant correlation was found in men. 3) Physically active men had more positive perception
of their own bodies, but in women the correlation was not significant.
Conclusions. Morphological traits and intense physical activity are significantly related to one's own
body perception. Cultural stereotypes connected with both sexes and attractiveness have a significant
influence on the perception of one's own body.