Tytuł: Determinants of participation in sport and tourism of visitors to Polish health resorts. A case study
- Andrzej Hadzik, Adam R. Szromek, Ewa Sadowska-Krępa
- Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
- Strona początkowa:
- Strona końcowa:
- Słowa kluczowe:
- sports and tourism, determinants of participation, spa, wellness health tourism, types of physical recreation.
Introduction. Spa tourism includes not only participation in tourist activities but also in recreational
Aim of Study. The aim of the study was to identify the social and economic determinants of tourist
and sports activity of Polish spa-goers.
Material and Methods. Primary and secondary materials have been used in the research. Secondary
materials were data from diagnostic poll surveys and the Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS). Primary
data were collected on the basis of the author's pilot surveys.
Results. The participants indicated a number of reasons for visiting spas. The highest percentage of
respondents pointed to curative and recreational aims as the most important. Gastronomic base was
the best assessed factor, while tourist information and local transport the worst. The primary factors
attracting visitors to the Kołobrzeg health resort were natural curative values, the quality of services
and the standard of its accommodation base. The most common recreational activity was swimming,
but interestingly, the spa-goers pointed to a shortage of swimming facilities.
Conclusions. Among the main aims of visiting a spa were preventive treatment and the opportunity
to rest, resulting from widely understood wellness motivations. The development of wellness tourism
in the Kołobrzeg spa depends on the increased supply of swimming and relaxation services, including
yoga. A visit to a spa is determined not only by internal but also external factors. The spa visitors
gave the highest marks to curative treatments, spa town atmosphere, hospitality and safety standards,
while transport and tourist information services obtained the worst assessment.