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Tytuł: Insulin sensitivity and blood lipid profile in women recreationally practicing horseback riding

Agnieszka Kaczmarek, Alicja Nowak, Łucja Pilaczyńska-Szcześniak
Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
Strona początkowa:
Strona końcowa:
Słowa kluczowe:
quicky, serum lipids, equitation

Introduction. The increased number of metabolic disorders associated with modern sedentary life indicates the need for a health-promoting activity. Horseback riding has become popular among some people, especially women, who seek attractive forms of physical exercises. Aim of Study. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the levels of glucose metabolic indices and blood lipid profile in adult women practicing horseback riding on a recreational basis. Material and Methods. The study was carried out on a sample of 22 subjects who recreationally practiced horseback riding for at least 5 years, and 19 non-training, age- and body mass-matched controls. In all participants, somatic parameters and levels of glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and QUICKY insulin sensitivity index were assessed. Results. Comparative analysis did not show significant differences in the levels of somatic and biochemical variables. Associations of the percent of body fat with insulin levels (p < 0.05) and QUICKY index values (p < 0.05) were found in all investigated women. Daily and weekly training volumes co rrelated negatively with LDL-cholesterol levels (p < 0.05) and positively with the HDL-cholesterol to LDL-cholesterol ratio (p < 0.05). Conclusions. The results showed that the long-term horseback riding was not an efficient stimulus to induce significant metabolic effects in adult healthy women. The high frequency of training sessions with the large contribution of eccentric muscle contractions could play a role in those effects; however, this explanation requires further investigation.