Tytuł: A multi-faceted assessment of sports motivation in relation to training effectiveness in progressive recreational skiers
- Małgorzata Walczak, Maciej Tomczak
- Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
- Strona początkowa:
- Strona końcowa:
- Słowa kluczowe:
- psychology, motivation, skiing, effectiveness
Introduction. Motivation and its typology have been researched by sport psychologists worldwide.
Aim of Study. The study aimed to examine correlations between sources of motivation and training
effectiveness in progressive recreational skiers.
Material and Methods. Achievement motivation, consisting of task motivation and ego motivation,
was examined using the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ). The sources of
motivation were assessed with the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). The study sample comprised
198 subjects oriented to improve their skiing skills. The sample included 138 men and 60 women at
the mean age of 21 years.
Results. The main source of skiers' motivation was found to be intrinsic motivation although both
intrinsic and extrinsic motivations displayed positive correlations with skiers' training effectiveness.
Achievement motivation in skiers was mostly conditioned by their task motivation rather than ego
motivation, regardless of gender. Different dimensions of motivation appeared to be significant factors
influencing skiing effectiveness.
Conclusions. Coach-athlete or teacher-student communication would be more effective, if coaches
or teachers could relate to their athletes or students in accordance with the characteristic types of
motivation to enhance their commitment to the taught subject or sport and to strengthen their satisfaction
of performance despite demotivating failures.