Tytuł: A ranking of barrier factors affecting the participation of Iranian females in sport activities
- Sedighe Heydarinejad, Seyede Nahid Shetab Boushehri, Esmaeel Saemi, Maryam Amraei
- Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
- Strona początkowa:
- Strona końcowa:
- Słowa kluczowe:
- barrier factors, sport participation, female staff, Ahwaz
Introduction. Although women constitute more than half of the population of each country, their
participation in sport is commonly much lower than men's.
Aim of Study. The general objective of the present study was the identification and ranking of factors
hindering the female staff of Shahid Chamran University (Ahwaz, Iran) from participating in sport
Material and Methods. The research was based on a descriptive survey. The study sample (n = 211)
was selected from the entire female staff of Shahid Chamran University (N = 420) on the basis of random
cluster sampling. The data was collected using a personal questionnaire as well as a researchermade
questionnaire containing 35 items covering four different domains of barrier factors. The validity
and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed using the exploratory factor analysis
(KMO = 0.80) and Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.88), respectively. Descriptive statistics was used to describe
the research variables, while the inferential statistics was applied to test the hypotheses.
Results. The findings revealed that only 40.8% of subjects were involved in sport activities. The ranking
of the barrier factors using the Friedman ranking system demonstrated that economic factors
(mean = 3.35), socio-cultural factors (mean = 2.84), personal factors (mean = 2.32), and family factors
(mean = 1.49) were the most significant barrier factors affecting the participation of the university
female staff in sport activities.
Conclusions. Considering the findings of the present study it is strongly recommended that university
authorities should support recreational and sportive programs for the entire university faculty, and
especially for its female members.