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Tytuł: A ranking of barrier factors affecting the participation of Iranian females in sport activities

Sedighe Heydarinejad, Seyede Nahid Shetab Boushehri, Esmaeel Saemi, Maryam Amraei
Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
Strona początkowa:
Strona końcowa:
Słowa kluczowe:
barrier factors, sport participation, female staff, Ahwaz

Introduction. Although women constitute more than half of the population of each country, their participation in sport is commonly much lower than men's. Aim of Study. The general objective of the present study was the identification and ranking of factors hindering the female staff of Shahid Chamran University (Ahwaz, Iran) from participating in sport activities. Material and Methods. The research was based on a descriptive survey. The study sample (n = 211) was selected from the entire female staff of Shahid Chamran University (N = 420) on the basis of random cluster sampling. The data was collected using a personal questionnaire as well as a researchermade questionnaire containing 35 items covering four different domains of barrier factors. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire were assessed using the exploratory factor analysis (KMO = 0.80) and Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.88), respectively. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the research variables, while the inferential statistics was applied to test the hypotheses. Results. The findings revealed that only 40.8% of subjects were involved in sport activities. The ranking of the barrier factors using the Friedman ranking system demonstrated that economic factors (mean = 3.35), socio-cultural factors (mean = 2.84), personal factors (mean = 2.32), and family factors (mean = 1.49) were the most significant barrier factors affecting the participation of the university female staff in sport activities. Conclusions. Considering the findings of the present study it is strongly recommended that university authorities should support recreational and sportive programs for the entire university faculty, and especially for its female members.