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Tytuł: The panem et circenses policy of the Regime of the Colonels in Greek sport, 1967-1974

Autor:
Georgios Logothetis, Apostolos Matsaridis, Vasileios Kaimakakis
Język:
EN
Czasopismo:
Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
Rok:
2012
Tom:
19
Numer:
4
Strona początkowa:
174
Strona końcowa:
178
ISSN:
0867-1079
Słowa kluczowe:
sport, national interventionism, dictatorship, politics
Czytaj

"Panem at Circenses" was the policy applied by the Greek military junta between 1967 and 1973. The bread and circuses policy was a well-known recipe with its roots in the Roman era. It included sport displays, rewarding athletes, formal participation of "the Aprilians" (the members of Greek military junta) in sport games, along with the celebration of anniversaries of "The 21st of April 1967 Revolution" all over Greece, which included gymnastic exhibitions. It must be pointed out that the April 21 regime shared a number of similarities with Metaxas's regime of August 4. Because the "Aprilians" were advocates of Metaxas's "NO" response, they tried to imitate him and utilize cultural exhibitions, especially sports, as means of promoting the regime's propaganda to acquire a social face. Both regimes utilized mass celebrations based on traditions of ancient Greece, the Byzantine period and Greek-Orthodox culture.