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Tytuł: Relationship between the quality of working life and job involvement of Iranian physical education teachers

Abdolrahman Mehdipour, Seyede Nahid Shetab Boushehri, Esmaeel Saemi, Aiob Rayegan
Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism
Strona początkowa:
Strona końcowa:
Słowa kluczowe:
quality of working life, job involvement, physical education teachers

Introduction. The increase in the job involvement (JI) of employees has always been significant to all employers, who have thus tried to identify factors influencing the JI of the working population. Aim of Study. The prime objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between the quality of working life (QWL) and job involvement (JI) of physical education teachers from Ahvaz, Iran. Material and Methods. The statistical population consisted of all physical education teachers from Ahvaz, Iran in 2011 (N = 144). The whole population was selected as the study sample. The data were collected using a questionnaire on demographic characteristics, Walton's standard criteria of quality of working life, and the Edwards & Kilpatrick job involvement questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaires was confirmed by Cronbach's alpha (QWL = 0.89, JI = 0.73). Descriptive and inferential statistics (Pearson's correlation, multiple regression analysis, t-test, and one-way analysis of variance) were applied (α = 0.05). Results. Results demonstrated moderate levels of QWL and JI amongst physical education teachers. The study also found a significant relationship between the QWL and JI of PE teachers. Furthermore, according to the results of multiple regressions, significant multiple relationships were found between the QWL and JI criteria. In addition, significant differences were also observed between the QWL of teachers of different gender, academic degree, and work experience, as well as the JI of teachers in different age groups. Conclusions. In order to increase the JI of physical education teachers it is important that the Iranian educational authorities and executives endeavor to ensure efficient organization of school physical education courses in standard conditions and with maximum facilities, through research and efficient planning.